British secret agent, traveller, yoga instructor
Sir Paul Dukes 1889 to 1967 British author, secret agent, and pioneer of yoga in Western countries, Dukes was born in 1889. He was educated at Caterham School, England, and Petrograd Conservative, Russia. Dukes was always seeking and affirming a higher purpose in life than everyday existence. His first marriage, in 1922, was to Margaret Rutherford; his second, in 1959, to Diana Fitzgerald.
As a young man he took a position as a language teacher in Riga, Latvia. He later moved to St. Petersburg, where he was a secret agent in prerevolutionary Russia. In 1913 he spent a season in the Russian province of Tula, acting as a tutor, and briefly claimed an ability for psychic healing.
In St Petersburg in 1913, while affecting the title “Prince Ozay”, Gurdjieff briefly engages with his first British pupil: the young musical student Paul [later Sir Paul] Dukes.
After World War I, in 1921 he became a special correspondent of The Times newspaper in Eastern Europe. Under the name "Paul Dukaine" he appeared on stage in a ballet act. Dukes also studied yoga, lectured, traveled widely, and wrote a number of books on a variety of topics. He was director of a company that manufactured components for the British Ministry of Aircraft Production. During his travels he met mystics and wonder workers, and also spent a night alone in the Great Pyramid of Gizeh in Egypt.
His book Red Dawn and the Morrow chronicles the rise and fall of Bolshevism and he toured the world extensively giving lectures pertaining to this subject.
He died on August 27, 1967 in Capetown, South Africa.