Oscar Ichazo (1931-) was born in Bolivia. In early childhood he had significant spiritual experiences. He was educated in la Paz, Bolivia and in Lima, Peru and at universities in La Paz. He studed law and became a journalist. At nineteen he was appointed Director of the Library Congress in Bolivia, and also elected to Congress through he took up neither the post nor his seat. At twenty three he studied with a group of elderly mystics in Buenos Aires. Ichazo said the idea of these people coming together to share knowledge was “originated somehow by Gurdjieff”. He then travelled to the Middle East and to the Far east. Ha had an intuitive understanding of enneagon or enneagram, which he “found before reading Gurdjieff”. He began to teach in 1956 and in 1968 founded the Institute of Gnosiology in Santiago, Chile. He moved to Arica and subsequently (wih the Arica Institute) to New York.