P. D. Ouspensky

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Pyotr Demianovich Ouspenskii (known in English as Peter D. Ouspensky, Пётр Демья́нович Успе́нский; 5 March 1878 – 2 October 1947), was a Russian mathematician and esotericist known for his expositions of the early work of the Greek-Armenian teacher ofesoteric doctrine George Gurdjieff, whom he met in Moscow in 1915.

He was associated with the ideas and practices originating with Gurdjieff from then on. In 1924, he separated from Gurdjieff personally, for reasons he explains in the last chapter of his book In Search of the Miraculous. Some, including his close pupil Rodney Collin, say that he finally gave up the (Gurdjieff) "system" that he had shared with people for 25 years in England and the United States, but his own recorded words on the subject ("A Record of Meetings", published posthumously) do not clearly endorse this judgement, nor does Ouspensky's emphasis on "you must make a new beginning" after confessing "I've left the system". All this happened in Lyne Place, Surrey, England, in 1947, just before his death. While lecturing in London in 1924, he announced that he would continue independently the way he had begun in 1921. All in all, Ouspensky studied the Gurdjieff system directly under Gurdjieff's own supervision for a period of ten years, from 1915 to 1924. His book In Search of the Miraculous is a recounting of what he learned from Gurdjieff during those years.

Early life

Ouspensky was born in Moscow in 1878. In 1890, he was studying at the Second Moscow Gymnasium, a government school attended by boys from 10 to 18. At the age of 16, he was expelled from school for painting graffiti on the wall in plain sight of a visiting inspector; thereafter, he would be more or less on his own. In 1906, he was working in the editorial office of the Moscow daily paper The Morning. In 1907 he discovered Theosophy. In the autumn of 1913, age 35, before the beginning of World War I, he journeyed to the East in search of the miraculous, visited Theosophists in Adyar but was forced to returned to Moscow after the beginning of the Great War. There he met George Gurdjieff and married Sophie Grigorievna Maximenko. He had a mistress by the name of Anna Ilinishna Butkovsky.


His first book, The Fourth Dimension, appeared in 1909; his second book, Tertium Organum, in 1912. A New Model of the Universe, as explained by Ouspensky in the foreword of the second edition, was written and published as articles by 1914, updated to include "recent developments in physics" and republished as a book in Russian in 1917. It was assumed that Ouspensky was lost to the Revolution's violence; it was then republished in English without his knowledge in 1931. Since the earliest lectures this work attracted a who's who of the philosophy crowd (see below) and has been to this day a widely accepted authoritative basis for a study of metaphysics, or rather, to exceed the limits of the same by his "psychological method", which he defines as (paraphrasing p. 75.) "a calibration of the tools of human understanding to derive the actual meaning of the thing itself." This term is one of three high concepts of the material presented, along with "the esoteric method" which as he sums up (p. 76) depends on the first to derive the possibility of something beyond ordinary human effort entirely. In high concept terms: "The idea of esotericism ... holds that the very great majority of our ideas are not the product of evolution but the product of the degeneration of ideas which existed at some time or are still existing somewhere in much higher, purer and more complete forms." (p. 47) Ouspensky's reputation is presently degenerated to being a follower of Gurdjieff rather than a partner (see below) and the apex of esotericism, self-knowledge, and metaphysical thought. The title itself promises a model of the universe, or unified theory of everything, which it is. He also wrote the novel Strange Life of Ivan Osokin, which explored the concept of eternal recurrence or the eternal return.

He traveled in Europe and the East — India, Ceylon, and Egypt — in his search for knowledge. After his return to Russia and his introduction to Gurdjieff in 1915, Ouspensky spent the next few years studying with him, and supporting the founding of a school. According to Osho, when Ouspensky went to Gurdjieff for the first time, the latter was but an unknown fakirand Ouspensky made him well-known to his own reading public.5]

Denying the ultimate reality of space and time in his book Tertium Organum, he also negates Aristotle's Logical Formula of Identification of "A is A" and finally concludes in his "higher logic" that A is both A and not-A.

Unbeknown to Ouspensky, a Russian émigré by the name of Nicholas Bessarabof took a copy of Tertium Organum to America and placed it in the hands of the architect Claude Bragdon who could read Russian and was interested in the fourth dimension. Tertium Organum was rendered into English by Bragdon who had incorporated his own design of thehypercube into the Rochester Chamber of Commerce building. Bragdon also published the book and the publication was such a success that it was finally taken up by Alfred A. Knopf. At the time, in the early 1920s, Ouspensky's whereabouts were unknown until Bragdon located him in Constantinople and paid him back some royalties.

Ouspensky's lectures in London were attended by such literary figures as Aldous Huxley, T. S. Eliot, Gerald Heard and other writers, journalists and doctors. His influence on the literary scene of the 1920s and 1930s as well as on the Russian avant-garde was immense but still very little known. It was said of Ouspensky that, though nonreligious, he had one prayer: not to become famous during his lifetime.

Ouspensky also provided an original discussion of the nature and expression of sexuality in his A New Model of the Universe; among other things, he draws a distinction between eroticaand pornography.

During his years in Moscow, Ouspensky wrote for several newspapers and was particularly interested in the then-fashionable idea of the fourth dimension. His first published work was titled The Fourth Dimension and he explored the subject along the ideas prevalent at the time in the works of Charles H. Hinton, the fourth dimension being an extension in space. Ouspensky treats time as a fourth dimension only indirectly in a novel he wrote titled Strange Life of Ivan Osokin where he also explores the theory of eternal recurrence.

Later life

Ouspensky's grave at the Holy Trinity Church in Lyne, Surrey, England, photographed in 2013

After the Bolshevik revolution, Ouspensky travelled to London by way of Istanbul. G. R. S. Mead became interested in the fourth dimension and Lady Rothermere, wife of Harold Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, the press magnate, was willing to spread the news of Ouspenky'sTertium Organum, while Ouspensky's acquaintance A. R. Orage was telling others about Ouspensky. By order of the British government, Gurdjieff was not allowed to settle in London. Gurdjieff finally went to France with a considerable sum of money raised by Ouspensky and his friends and settled down near Paris at the Prieuré in Fontainebleau-Avon. It was during this time, after Gurdjieff founded his Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man in France, that Ouspensky came to the conclusion that he was no longer able to understand his former teacher and made a decision to discontinue association with him, setting up his own organisation, The Society for the Study of Normal Psychology, which is now known as The Study Society. Nevertheless, he wrote about Gurdjieff's teachings in a book originally entitledFragments of an Unknown Teaching, only published posthumously in 1947 under the title In Search of the Miraculous. While this volume has been criticized by some of those who have followed Gurdjieff's teachings as only a partial representation of the totality of his ideas, it nevertheless provides what is probably the most concise explanation of the material that was included. This is in sharp contrast to the writings of Gurdjieff himself, such as Beelzebub's Tales to his Grandson, where the ideas and precepts of Gurdjieff's teachings are found very deeply veiled in allegory. Initially, Ouspensky had intended this book to be published only if Beelzebub's Tales to his Grandson were not published. But after his death, Mme Ouspensky showed its draft to Gurdjieff who praised its accuracy and permitted its publication.

He died in Lyne Place, Surrey, in 1947. Shortly after his death, The Psychology of Man's Possible Evolution was published, together with In Search of the Miraculous. A facsimile edition of In Search of the Miraculous was published in 2004 by Paul H. Crompton Ltd. London. Transcripts of some of his lectures were published under the title of The Fourth Way in 1957; largely a collection of question and answer sessions, the book details important concepts, both introductory and advanced, for students of these teachings.

Ouspensky's papers are held at Yale University Library's Manuscripts and Archives department.


After Ouspensky broke away from Gurdjieff, he taught the "Fourth Way", as he understood it, to his independent groups.

Fourth Way

Gurdjieff proposed that there are three ways of self-development generally known in esoteric circles. These are the Way of the Fakir, dealing exclusively with the physical body, the Way of the Monk, dealing with the emotions, and the Way of the Yogi, dealing with the mind. What is common about the three ways is that they demand complete seclusion from the world. According to Gurdjieff, there is a Fourth Way which does not demand its followers to abandon the world. The work of self-development takes place right in the midst of ordinary life. Gurdjieff called his system a school of the Fourth Way where a person learns to work in harmony with his physical body, emotions and mind. Ouspensky picked up this idea and continued his own school along this line.

Ouspensky made the term "Fourth Way" and its use central to his own teaching of the ideas of Gurdjieff. He greatly focused on Fourth Way schools and their existence throughout history.


Among his students were Rodney Collin, Maurice Nicoll, Robert S de Ropp, Kenneth Walker, Remedios Varo and Dr Francis Roles.


Ouspensky personally confessed the difficulties he was experiencing with self-remembering, a technique to which he had been introduced by Gurdjieff himself. Gurdjieff explained to him this was the missing link to everything else. While in Russia, Ouspensky himself experimented with the technique with a certain degree of success and in his lectures in London and America, he emphasized its practice. The technique requires a division of attention, so that a person not only pays attention to what is going on in the exterior world but also in the interior. A.L. Volinsky, an acquaintance of Ouspensky in Russia mentioned to Ouspensky that this was what professor Wundt meant by apperception. Ouspensky disagreed and noted how an idea so profound to him would pass unnoticed by people whom he considered intelligent. Gurdjieff explained the Rosicrucian principle that in order to bring about a result or manifestation, three things are necessary. With self-remembering and self-observation two things are present. The third one is explained by Ouspensky in his tract on Conscience: it is the non-expression of negative emotions.



According to Beryl Pogson, author of The Work Life, "...the only real poverty is lack of self-knowledge."

Published works

  • The Psychology of Man’s Possible Evolution. Online.
  • Tertium Organum: The Third Canon of Thought, a Key to the Enigmas of the World. (Translated from the Russian by Nicholas Bessaraboff and Claude Bragdon). Rochester, New York: Manas Press, 1920; New York: Knopf, 1922; London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1923, 1934; 3rd American edition, New York: Knopf, 1945. Online version.
  • A New Model of the Universe: Principles of the Psychological Method in Its Application to Problems of Science, Religion and Art (Translated from the Russian by R. R. Merton, under the supervision of the author). New York: Knopf, 1931; London: Routledge, 1931; 2nd revised edition, London: Routledge, 1934; New York: Knopf, 1934.
  • Talks with a Devil.(Russian, 1916). Tr. by Katya Petroff, edited with an introduction by J. G. Bennett. Northamptonshire: Turnstone, 1972, ISBN 0-85500-004-X (hc); New York: Knopf, 1973, ; York Beach: Weiser, 2000, ISBN 1-57863-164-5.
  • The Psychology of Man’s Possible Evolution. New York: Hedgehog Press, 1950.
  • Strange Life of Ivan Osokin. New York and London: Holme, 1947; London: Faber & Faber, 1948; first published in Russian as Kinemadrama (St. Petersburg, 1915). Online (Russian).
  • In Search of the Miraculous: Fragments of an Unknown Teaching New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1949; London: Routledge, 1947.
  • In Search of the Miraculous: Fragments of an Unknown Teaching London, Paul H. Crompton Ltd 2010 facsimile edition of the 1949 edition, hardcover.
  • The Fourth Way: A Record of Talks and Answers to Questions Based on the Teaching of G. I. Gurdjieff (Prepared under the general supervision of Sophia Ouspensky). New York: Knopf, 1957; London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1957.
  • Letters from Russia, 1919 (Introduction by Fairfax Hall and epilog from In Denikin's Russia by C. E. Bechhofer). London and New York: Arkana, 1978.
  • Conscience: The Search for Truth (Introduction by Merrily E. Taylor) London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979.
  • A Further Record: Extracts from Meetings 1928–1945 London and New York: Arkana, 1986.
  • The Symbolism of the Tarot (Translated by A. L. Pogossky). New York: Dover Publications Inc., 1976. Online version.
  • The Psychology of Man's Possible Evolution and The Cosmology of Man's possible Evolution, a limited edition of the definitive text of his Psychological and Cosmological Lectures, 1934-1945. Agora Books, East Sussex, 1989. ISBN 1-872292-00-3.
  • P.D. Ouspensky Memorial Collection, Yale University Library, Archive Notes taken from meetings during 1935–1947.



P. D. Ouspensky

A Brief Bibliography

by J. Walter Driscoll


Major Writings

Works published or prepared for publication by P. D. Ouspensky

Tertium Organum: The Third Canon of Thought, a Key to the Enigmas of the World. Translated from the Russian by Nicholas Bessaraboff and Claude Bragdon. Rochester, N.Y.: Manas Press, 1920, 344p.; New York: Knopf, 1922; London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1923, 1934; 3rd American edition, New York: Knopf, 1945, 306p. A revised English translation by Eugenic Kadloubovsky under Ouspensky’s supervision, limited edition of 21 copies, Cape Town: Stourton Press, 1950, 192p. An Abridgement of P. D. Ouspensky’s ‘Tertium Organum,’by Fairfax Hall, Cape Town: Stourton Press, 1961, 276p.; revised translation by E. Kadloubovsky and the author, New York: Knopf, 1981, 298p., index.

Ouspensky’s experimental efforts to enter higher states of consciousness proved to him that an entirely new mode of thought was needed by modern man, qualitatively different from the two modes (classical and positivistic) that have dominated Western civilization for 2000 years. Tertium Organum is a clarion call for such thought, ranging brilliantly over the teachings of Eastern and Western mysticism, sacred art and the theories of modern science. With the publication of Tertium Organum in Russian, in 1911, Ouspensky became a widely respected author and lecturer on metaphysical questions. The American translation of Tertium Organum in 1920, won him widespread recognition in England and America, where he lived from 1921.

A New Model of the Universe: Principles of the Psychological Method in Its Application to Problems of Science, Religion and Art. Translated from the Russian by R. R. Merton, under the supervision of the author. New York: Knopf, 1931; London: Routledge, 1931, 544p.; 2nd revised edition, London: Routledge, 1934; New York: Knopf; 1934; reprinted 1943, 1961, (Knopf) and 1971 (Random House), 476p.; London: Routledge, 1949, 534p.

A collection of twelve wide-ranging and penetrating essays dealing with esotericism, symbolism, science, religion, higher dimensions, evolution, superman, eternal recurrence and other topics that anticipate many of the most significant psycho-spiritual questions of the twentieth-century. Most of these extended essays were published separately in Russian before Ouspensky translated them to English and published this anthology in London in 1931 for the general purpose of attracting those interested in such questions.

Psychological Lectures: 1934–1940. Privately printed and distributed. London [1940], 90p., limited edition of 125 copies. Six introductory lectures, issued by Ouspensky’s Historico-Psychological Society at 46 Colet Gardens in London. Posthumously published in five lectures as The Psychology of Man’s Possible Evolution. New York: Hedgehog Press, 1950, 98p.; London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1951, 95p., index; New York: Knopf, 1954, 114p.; 2nd edition enlarged [with a preface by John Pentland], New York: Knopf, 1974, 128p. (This edition contains a reprint of the article “Notes on the Decision to Work” and a previously unpublished autobiographical note.) London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978, 95p.(Contains Ouspensky’s 1945 introduction.) 3rd edition, New York: Random House, 1981, 128p. (This edition contains a publisher’s note in place of the introductory note written for the 2nd edition. The two selections added to the 2nd edition are replaced by a lecture of Sept. 23, 1937.)

These private introductory lectures were written, not for publication, but to provide Ouspensky’s students with an account of the direction his work had taken since the publication ofTertium Organum and A New Model of the Universe. Ouspensky indicates in his 1945 introduction to these lectures, that they are an invitation to “follow the advice and indications given…which referred chiefly to self-observation and a certain self-discipline.” Not simply a synopsis of the knowledge Ouspensky had learned from Gurdjieff, these deeply considered lectures present the author’s struggle to transmit a living system in the hope of attracting the supportive attention of the same higher sources from whom Ouspensky believed Gurdjieff had received his teaching.

Strange Life of Ivan Osokin. Limited edition of 356 copies. London: Stourton, 1947, 179p.; New York and London: Holme, 1947, 166p.; London: Faber & Faber, 1948; New York, Hermitage House, 1955, 166p.; London: Faber & Faber, 1971, 204p.; Baltimore: Penguin, 1971 (“The Penguin Metaphysical Library” reprinted with a foreword by John Petlans, 1973, 204p.; New York: Arkana/Methuen, 1988, 162p.

Written in Russian in 1905 as a “cinema-drama,” and first published as Kinemadrama (St. Petersburg, 1915), Ouspensky’s novel is base on the theme of “eternal recurrence.” It tells the story of how the young Ivan Osokin is unable to correct his past mistakes, even when given the chance to relive his life. The last chapter powerfully portrays a man’s shock at the realization of his utter mechanicality and characterizes both the promise and the demand of an esoteric school.

In Search of the Miraculous: Fragments of an Unknown Teaching. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1949, 399p.; London: Routledge, 1949, 399p. Paperback edition, New York: Harcourt, Brace.

Ouspensky met Gurdjieff in Moscow in 1915. Undertaken in 1925, with Gurdjieff’s approval and in progress for many years, parts of the manuscript were read to Ouspensky’s groups in the 1930’s but it remained unpublished at his death in 1947. It was brought to Gurdjieff’s attention by Mme Ouspensky and with his encouragement, published in the Fall of 1949 as a precursor to Beelzebub’s Tales. This book is the precise, clear result of Ouspensky’s long work in recording in an honest and impersonal form these “Fragments of an Unknown Teaching” which he received from Gurdjieff. Remains unparalleled as a lucid and systematic account of Gurdjieff’s early formulation of his ideas.

Notes and Archival Material

P. D. Ouspensky Memorial Collection. Sterling Memorial Library, Yale University, New Haven, Conn., Manuscript Group No. 840.

Fifty-four boxes of material that include typed transcripts of Ouspensky’s meetings from 1921 to 1947, some of which were subsequently published as The Fourth Way (1957),Conscience (1979) A Further Record (1986) The Yale collection also contains manuscripts, translations and copies of his books, and two boxes of photographs and material about Ouspensky.

P. D. Ouspensky Memorial Collection: Manuscript Group 840 by Janet Elaine Gertz. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University, 1981, 9p.

Related Writings

Posthumous Publications And Adaptations

The Fourth Way: A Record of Talks and Answers to Questions Based on the Teaching of G. I. Gurdjieff. Prepared under the general supervision of Sophia Ouspensky. New York: Knopf, 1957, 446p.; London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1957, 446p., index; New York: Knopf, 1965, 446p., index; New York: Random House, 1971, 446p., index.

Conscience: The Search for Truth. Introduction by Merrily E. Taylor. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1979, 159p. Contains five texts previously published in limited editions in the 1950s by Stourton Press (Cape Town): Memory; Surface Personality; Self-Will; Negative Emotions and Notes on Work.

A Further Record Chiefly of Extracts from Meetings Held by P. D. Ouspensky between 1928 and 1945Privately printed limited edition of 20 copies. Cape Town: Stourton Press, 1952, 347p., index. (Copy in the P. D. Ouspensky Collection, Yale.) Subsequently published as A Further Record: Extracts from Meetings 1928–1945London and New York: Arkana, 1986, 318p., index

These three posthumous collections, The Fourth Way , Conscience and A Further Record, offer selections of Ouspensky’s talks and answers to questions, transcribed at private meetings in England and the United States, from 1931 to 1946. These are edited and arranged to elucidate the ideas Ouspensky was transmitting on ‘the system.’

Autobiographical Fragment. Written in 1935, this brief sketch was first published in the second enlarged edition of his The Psychology of Man’s Possible Evolution (1974) Knopf, then inRemembering Pytor Demianovich Ouspensky (1978) a brochure compiled and edited by Merrily E. Taylor for Yale University Library. It was subsequently issued as an appendage to A Further Record: Extracts from Meetings, 1928–1945 Q.V. (1986) Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Ouspensky sketches his childhood, family, early studies, travel, the development of his philosophy and his relationship with Gurdjieff.


In Search of the MiraculousRead by Laurence Rosenthal. Berkeley, California: Audio Literature, 1994. One 90 minute cassette audio tape abridged from the Harcourt Brace, 1949 edition.

In Search of the Miraculous: fragments of an unknown teachingA film directed by Zivko Nicolic, script adaptation by Milan Peters, based on the book by P. D. Ouspensky. Fairway Films (Sydney, Australia) in association with Znak Productions in Belgrade, 1998, 42 min. black & white.

Effectively telescopes Ouspensky’s book, glimpses of the teaching he received from Gurdjieff and a brief characterization of their difficult relationship, into 42 minutes of film interspersed with archival footage of Russia and the Revolution. The ending focuses on Katherine Mansfield’s appreciative soliloquy about Gurdjieff’s Institute at Fontainebleau, as reported by Ouspensky.

Material about P. D. Ouspensky

Blake, A. G. E.

An Index to In Search of the Miraculous. Ripon, North Yorkshire: Coombe Springs Press, 1982. 48p.

The Bridge: a journal issued by the Study Society. (London) No. 3 Winter, 1978, 66p., No. 12, Autumn, 1997, 257p.,

Butkovsky-Hewitt, Anna

With Gurdjieff in St. Petersburg and Paris. With the assistance of Mary Cosh and Alicia Street. New York: Weiser, 1978, 157p.

Henderson, Linda Dalrymple

“The Merging of Time and Space: The Fourth Dimension’ in Russia from Ouspensky to Malevich.” The Structurist (Saskatoon, Canada) No. 15/16, 1975/1976, pp. 97–108.

Freemantle, Christopher

“Ouspensky.” in Man, Myth and Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural [first published as a weekly serial]. London: Pinell, 1972, pp. 2092–2093; 12 vols., revised, Freeport, N. Cavendish, [1982], 3268p.

Lachman, Gary

“From Russia with Love: Eros and Spirit in the Russian Fin de Siècle.” Gnosis (San Francisco) No. 43, Spring 1997.

“Ouspensky in London.” The Quest (Denville, N J.) XI (3), August, 1998. pp. 38–43, 50.

Landau, Rom

God is My Adventure: A Book on Modern Mystics, Masters and Teachers. London: Ivor Nicholson & Watson, 1935, 426p.; New York: Knopf, 1936, 411p., bib.; London: Faber and Faber, 1941, 255p.; London: Allen and Unwin, 1964.

Munson, Gorham

“Black Sheep Philosophers: Gurdjieff—Ouspensky—Orage” Tomorrow (New York) XI (6), Feb. 1950, pp. 20–25.

Nott, C. S.

Further Teachings of Gurdjieff: Journey Through This World. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul; (1969) New York: Samuel Weiser,1969.

Priestley, J. B.

Man and Time. London: Aldus Books, 1964, Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1964, 319p.; New York: Dell, 1968, 319p., index.

Seton, Marie

“The Case of P. D. Ouspensky.” Quest (Calcutta) No. 34, July/Sept. 1962, pp. 36–44.

Taylor, Merrily E.

Remembering Pyotr Demianovich Ouspensky. Compiled and edited by Merrily E. Taylor. New Haven: Yale University Library, 1978, 45p.

Walker, Kenneth

Venture with Ideas. London: Jonathan Cape, 1951, 192p.; New York: Pellegrini & Cudahy, 1952, 212p.: New York: Weiser, 1972, 192p.; 2nd edition, revised. London: Luzac Oriental, 1995, 160p.

The Making of Man. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963, 163p., index.

Webb, James

The Harmonious Circle: The Lives and Work of G. I. Gurdjieff, P. D. Ouspensky, and Their Followers. New York: Putnam’s, 1980, 608p.; London: Thames & Hudson, 1980; Boston: Shambhala, 1987.

Two Authors Particularly Influenced by Ouspensky

These are representative works by Ouspensky’s two most prominent pupils. While they contain no overt discussion of Ouspensky, their inspiration and framework clearly show his profound influence. Interested readers may want to explore the larger body of Nicoll’s and Collin’s work.

Nicoll, Maurice

Psychological Commentaries on the Teaching of Gurdjieff and Ouspensky. 5 Volumes1766p. (continuous pagination). London: Vincent Stuart, Vols. 1–2–3, 1954, 1964. Vols. 4–5, 1966, 1968.; 5 Vols. Reprinted, Boulder: Shambhala, 1984.; York Beach: Weiser, 1996, 6 Individually paged volumes including a 216 p. index.

The New Man: An Interpretation of Some Parables and Miracles of Christ. London: Stuart & Richard, 1950, 152p.; New York: Hermitage House, 1951; with a foreword by Jacob Needleman, Baltimore: Penguin, 1972, 184p.; London: Watkins, 1981, 153p.

Living Time and the Integration of the Life. London: Vincent Stuart, 1952, 252p., index, bib.; New York: Hermitage House, 1952, 252 p., London: Watkins, 1976, 252p., New York: Weiser; Utrecht: Eureka Editions, 1998, 294p., index, bib.

Collin [Smith], Rodney

The Theory of Eternal Life. London: Privately printed [1950]: Cape Town: Stourton Press, 1950: London: Vincent Stuart, 1956; London: Stuart & Watkins, 1968, 126p.; Robinson & Watkins, 1974, [134p,].; Boston: Shambhala, 1984, 126p.

The Theory of Celestial Influence: Man, the Universe, and Cosmic Mystery. London: Vincent Stuart, 1954, 392p., index; New York: Weiser, 1973, 393p.; Boston: Shambhala, 1984, 392p.; London & New York: Arkana, 1993, 392p.

Copyright © 1999 J. Walter Driscoll
This webpage © 1999 Gurdjieff Electronic Publishing
Featured: Winter 1998/1999 Issue, Vol. II (2)
Revision: January 1, 1999